Trafalgar Square is a square in the city of Westminster, in London. It commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar where British troops defeated the French and Spanish army in front of Cadiz.
Trafalgar Square is one of the most central places of the city, just located next to Charing Cross, the origin of all roads in the country.
In the middle of the square there is Nelson's Column erected in honour of Admiral Nelson, who died defending his country at the Battle of Trafalgar against Napoleon's troops. The square also hosts two fountains on either side of the column, as well as four plinths. Three of those plinths hold equestrian sculptures dedicated to George IV, Henry Havelock and Sir Charles James Napiere but the fourth plinth is empty from the beginning because it was not possible to raise enough money to build a statue in honour of William IV. For that reason is used for temporary exhibitions.
The square is very crowded by tourists and it used to be famous for its pigeons. The number of pigeons increased dramatically along the years and they became a public health danger and nowadays is banned feed them.
On the sides of the square we can find many buildings, among which include the National Gallery and St. Martin-in-the-Fields, a church built by James Gibbs in the colonial style of the United States.
The square is also used for various events and to celebrate Christmas.