Prague - information about the city

Prague (Praha [ˈpraɦa]) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of nearly 2.0 million. The city has a temperate oceanic climate with warm summers and chilly winters. Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its 1,100 year existence. Founded during the Gothic and flourishing by the Renaissance eras, Prague was the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus then also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia. The city played major roles in the Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War, and in modern history generally as the principal conurbation in Bohemia and Moravia whose second city is Brno. Prague is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of twentieth century Europe. Main attractions include the following: Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square, the Jewish Quarter, the Lennon Wall, and Petřín hill. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Prague boasts more than ten major museums, along with countless theatres, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits. A modern public transportation system connects the city. Also, Prague is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including the famous Charles University. Prague is classified as a Beta+ global city according to GaWC studies, comparable to Berlin, Rome, or Houston. Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination, and the city receives more than 4.1 million international visitors annually, as of 2009. In 2011 Prague was the sixth most visited city in Europe.
Source of description http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prague

Prague - tourist attractions

markerA Charles Bridge The Charles Bridge (Karlův most) is a famous historic bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic. Its construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the beginning of the 15th century. As the only means of crossing the river Vltava (Moldau) unt... Charles Bridge - photo
markerB Golden Lane Golden Lane (Zlatá ulička) - a picturesque street in Prague, in Prague Castle (Pražský Hrad) in Hradcany district. Formerly called the goldsmith street because it was probably the seat of local jewelers - Jews working for the Treasury, which are thus sheltered behind the walls of the castle. It was... Golden Lane - photo
markerC Dancing House The Dancing House or Dancing Building or Ginger & Fred (Tančící dům) is the nickname given to the Nationale-Nederlanden building in downtown Prague, Czech Republic at Rašínovo nábřeží 80, 120 00 Praha 2. It was designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić in co-operation with Canadian-American... 				Dancing House			 - photo
markerD Church of Sts. Nicholas in Prague Church of Sts. Nicholas - baroque church in Prague in Lesser Town,on the Malá Strana Market. Church of Sts. Nicholas in Prague - photo
markerE Hradčany Hradčany ([ˈɦrat͡ʃanɪ]), the Castle District, is the district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic, surrounding the Prague Castle. The castle is said to be the biggest castle in the world at about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters wide. Its history stretches back to the 9th ce... Hradčany - photo
markerF St. Vitus Cathedral Saint Vitus' Cathedral is as a Roman Catholic cathedral in Prague, and the seat of the Archbishop of Prague. The full name of the cathedral is St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert Cathedral. Located within Prague Castle and containing the tombs of many Bohemian kings and Holy Roman Emperors, t... St. Vitus Cathedral - photo
markerG Powder Tower The Powder Tower (Prašná brána) is a Gothic tower in Prague, Czech Republic and one of the old city gates. It is one of the symbols of Prague, leading into the Old Town. Dating from 1475, the Powder Tower was built as one of 13 gates to the city of Prague. When construction began, it was connected (... Powder Tower - photo
markerH Malá Strana Malá Strana is a district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic, and one of its most historic regions. The name translated into English literally means "Little Side", though it is frequently referred to as "Lesser Town", "Lesser Quarter", or "Lesser Side". This name derives from its position on the ... 				Malá Strana			 - photo
markerI Josefov Josefov (Jewish quarter) is a town quarter and the smallest cadastral area of Prague, today Czech Republic, formerly the Jewish ghetto of the town. It is completely surrounded by Old Town. The quarter is often represented by the flag of Prague's Jewish community, a yellow Magen David ( Star of David... 				Josefov			 - photo
markerJ Praha hlavní nádraží Praha hlavní nádraží (English: Prague main railway station, abbreviated Praha hl.n ) is the largest and most important railway station in Prague in the Czech Republic. It was originally opened in 1871 and named Franz Josef Station after Franz Joseph I of Austria. During the First Republic and from 1... Praha hlavní nádraží - photo

Relevant data

Geographical coordinates: 50.0833, 14.4667
Approximate population: 1,251,072

The oldest constructions

The longest objects

Famous architects who died in the city