The Monument to the Great Fire of London, popularly known as The Monument, is a monument in London which commemorates the terrible fire that devastated the city in 1666, which is known as the Great Fire of London. The areas which suffered the most in the fire were the ones around Monument Street and London Bridge.
The monument is a 61-metre tall Doric column made of stone, topped by a gilt-bronze urn representing fire. It was designed by the royal architect Sir Christopher Wren between 1671 and 1677.
Near the top of the column and before the urn, there is a viewing platform offering a panoramic view of the city of London. To access it one has to climb a spiral staircase of 311 steps.