Kharkiv - information about the city

Kharkiv (Харків) or Kharkov (Харьков) or Char’kov is the second-largest city in Ukraine. The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine where the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed in December 1917 and Soviet government was formed. Kharkiv became and remained the capital of the Ukrainian SSR until 1934, when the administrative capital was moved to Kiev. Currently, it is the administrative centre of the Kharkiv oblast (province), as well as the administrative centre of the surrounding Kharkivskyi Raion (district) within the oblast. The city is located in the northeast of the country. As of 2006, its population was 1,461,300. Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 60 scientific institutes, 30 establishments of higher education, 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries. Its industry specializes primarily in machinery. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city. Among them are world renown giants like the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory, leaders in tank production since the 1930s; Khartron (aerospace and nuclear electronics); and the Turboatom turbines producer. There is an underground rapid-transit system (metro) with about 38.1 km (24 mi) of track and 29 stations.
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Kharkiv - tourist attractions

markerA Tempel Synagogue in Kharkiv Synagogue Beit Menachem-in Kharkiv, also called the Choir or Tempel - synagogue built between 1909-1913 in Kharkiv. The largest synagogue in Ukraine and the second in terms of volume in Europe. It was erected on the site belonging to a merchant's house Zarudny. Land bought by the Jewish community -... Tempel Synagogue in Kharkiv - photo
markerB Metalist Stadium Metalist Kharkiv Oblast Sports Complex "Metalist" , commonly known as Metalist Stadium ( Стадіон «Металіст» ), is a multi-use stadium in Kharkov, Ukraine. It is currently used chiefly for football matches and is the home of FC Metalist Kharkiv. The stadium, which is a venue for Euro 2012, currently ... Metalist Stadium - photo
markerC Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Kharkov Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Roman Catholic church in Kharkov, built in neo-Gothic style in the years 1887-1892 at the current street. Gogol's 4. In the thirties of the twentieth century the church was closed and converted to secular purposes -among others Theater for part... Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Kharkov - photo
markerD Victims of Totalitarianism Cemetery in Kharkov Victims of Totalitarianism Cemetery in Kharkiv - a military cemetery in Kharkov, in the region of Kiev, on Piatichatkach, built in 1999-2000 by Zdzislaw Pidka project. The cemetery was established on the initiative of the Federation of Katyn Families, rests on the 4 302 the officers of the Polish A... Victims of Totalitarianism Cemetery in Kharkov - photo
markerE Freedom Square in Kharkiv Freedom Square (Площа Свободи) in Kharkiv is the 6-th largest city-centre square in Europe. Originally named (1926–1996) Dzerzhinsky Square after Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police (the Cheka, precursor to the KGB), it was renamed after Ukraine became independent in 1991. ... Freedom Square in Kharkiv - photo
markerF Annunciation Cathedral in Kharkiv The Annunciation Cathedral is the main Orthodox church of Kharkiv, Ukraine. The pentacupolar Neo-Byzantine structure with a distinctive 80-meter-tall bell tower was erected between 1889 and 1901, from designs by a local architect, Mikhail Lovtsov. The candy-striped cathedral supplanted the older Ass... Annunciation Cathedral in Kharkiv - photo
markerG Church of the Three Saints Hierarchs in Kharkov Orthodox hierarchs of the Three Saints in Kharkov - Orthodox Church in Kharkov, Kharkov Eparchy belonging to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchate. The temple was built and designed by Mikhail Lowcow (Annunciation cathedral designer earlier in Kharkov), directed the work from 1907, afte... Church of the Three Saints Hierarchs in Kharkov - photo

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Visited on:
29.07.2012 - 29.08.2012

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Relevant data

Geographical coordinates: 50, 36.25
Approximate population: 1,449,000

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