Adam Mickiewicz University (pl. Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza) is one of the major Polish universities, located in the city of Poznań in western Poland. It opened on May 7, 1919, and since 1955 has carried the name of the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz.
The university was ceremonially opened on May 7, 1919 (the 400th anniversary of the foundation of Poznań's Lubrański Academy). It was originally called Wszechnica Piastowska ("University of the Piasts "), and in 1920 was renamed Uniwersytet Poznański ("Poznań University"). For the first 20 years it educated students in law, economy, medicine, humanities, mathematics, natural sciences, agriculture and forestry.
After the invasion of Poland, Poznań was annexed by Germany and the University was closed by the Nazis in 1939. It was reopened as a German university in 1941, which operated until 1944. Staff and students of the Polish university, many of them resettled by Germans to Warsaw, opened an underground Polish "University of the Western Territories" ( Uniwersytet Ziem Zachodnich ), whose classes met in private apartments (see underground education in Poland ). The Polish university reopened, in much smaller form, after the end of World War II. In 1950, the Medical Faculty, including the Dentistry section and the Faculty of Pharmacy, were split off to form a separate institution, now the Poznań University of Medical Sciences . In 1955 Uniwersytet Poznański adopted a new patron, the 19th-century Polish Romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz, and changed to its current name.
The university's central administrative building is Collegium Minus, on the west side of Adam Mickiewicz Square at the western end of the street Święty Marcin. The university also uses a number of other buildings in southern and western districts of Poznań. However it is strongly developing its site at Morasko in the north of the city. As of 2006, the faculties of physics, mathematics and computer science, biology, geographical and geological science had moved to the new location.The university also has external branches in other towns of western Poland, including Kalisz, Ostrów Wielkopolski and Słubice .
At the start of the 2008/2009 academic year, the unviersity had 46,817 undergraduates (including about 18,000 on weekend or evening courses), 1308 doctoral students, and 2247 other post-graduate students. The number of undergraduates declined slightly between 2005 and 2008.
At the end of 2008, the unviersity had a total of 2892 teaching staff, including 257 full professors and 490 associate/assistant professors. It also had 2120 other employees.
Among the University's most famous graduates are the mathematicians who broke the Enigma machine : Marian Rejewski, Henryk Zygalski, and Jerzy Różycki. Other leading alumni include poet Stanisław Barańczak, composer Jan A. P. Kaczmarek, businessman Jan Kulczyk and journalist and communist-era dissident Adam Michnik.