Schauspielhaus Zürich

Schauspielhaus Zürich was constructed in 1892 as the Volkstheater am Pfauen (People's Theater on the Pfauen Square) with a Bavarian beer garden and a bowling alley. It served initially as a music hall or vaudeville stage. In 1901 the building was rented by the director of the Zurich Opera House and opened as a play house with Goethe 's comedy Die Mitschuldigen (The Accomplices).

From 1903 until 1926 the play house was run by a private cooperative. In 1926 Zürich wine wholesaler and play house director Ferdinand Rieser acquired the house and had it renovated. Then in 1938 it was leased to the Neue Schauspiel AG, a company founded by the city of Zürich in order to save the theater from its financial difficulties. When the lease ran out in 1952, the citizens of Zürick refused to purchase the house for the proposed price of 3 million Swiss francs. Upon their refusal, UBS AG, a Swiss banking group, stepped in to purchase the building and arranged a new lease arrangement with the Neue Schauspiel AG. However, the effort to establish an ambitious theater in Zürich was met with little success at first, and until 1933 the theater was rarely thought of outside of Switzerland.

After 1933, however, many important actors and directors immigrated to Switzerland from Germany and Austria. With the help of these artists, the theater achieved great success, staging many anti-fascist works, importantly the world-premiers of several plays by Bertolt Brecht. During this time the Schauspielhaus Zürich was the largest free stage in the German-speaking world, as stages in Germany and Austria were strictly regulated. After the war, the theater retained its important place in world and German-language theater. During this time it saw world premiers of such important playwrights as Max Frisch and Friedrich Dürrenmatt In 2002 and 2003 the theater experienced a new artistic blooming and was chosen as theater of the year twice by Theater heute (Theater Today), the most important and widely-read German theater publication.

Source of description: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schauspielhaus_Zürich wikipedia

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Category definition of category theatre
Material definition of material
brick
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Geographical coordinates 47.3700766, 8.5491472
Address Zurich, Zeltweg 1
Construction dates - 1892

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