Borghese Gallery (Galleria Borghese) is the national museum in Rome, located in Villa Borghese Pinciana. Nearby we can find also the National Etruscan Museum (Museo Nazionale Etrusco) and the National Gallery of Modern Art (Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna)
The Galleria Borghese houses an important part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities and it was opened to the public in 1903. The museum is located in Villa Borghese, a great neoclassical building designed by Flaminio Ponzio and surrounded by a beautiful garden which belonged to Borghese family.
The collection of art works begun with Cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Paope Paul V. Scipione Borghese was a patron of Bernini and a collector of works by Caravaggio. The collection has plenty of Bernini's and Caravaggio's works.
The Borghese Gallery has twenty exhibition rooms distributed in two floors. The main floor is dedicated to antiquities and classical and neo-classical sculpture. In the second floor we can enjoy a great number of paintings by Tiziano, Rafael or Caravaggio, among others. The gallery also houses The National Museum of Musical Instruments.
In the early 19th century, Camillo Borghese was forced to sold a part of the works to Napoleon. This sale was the beginning of Borghese's Collection in the Louvre.
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