The church of Santa Croce in Jerusalem (Basilica di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme) is located on the Lateran Hill in Rome, Italy.
The church was built between 337 and 344, during a reconstruction of the imperial palace, therefore it is the so called the imperial church. It was founded by St. Helen. In the middle of the 12th century the temple went a thorough renovation during the pontificate of Pope Lucius II, who entrusted it to canons regular from the San Frediano congregation. Thereafter, between 1740 and 1758, while Benedict XIV was the pope, it was rebuilt in the Baroque style.
Inside the basilica there are relics brought from Jerusalem by the mother of the emperor Constantine I, St. Helen. Te most valuable ones are: fragments of the Cross that Jesus was crucified on (the name of the temple comes from that relic), a fragment of the inscription "Jesus of Nazareth, the Jewish king" written by Pilate in three languages (Greek, Latin and Hebrew).
In addition, in the temple there is also a finger of St. Thomas, a fragment of a beam from a cross the Good Thief was crucified on and a copy of the Shroud of Turin. Inside the church there is Antonietta Meo buried who wrote letters to Jesus and was brought near the temple