Cairo - information about the city

Cairo (  /ˈkaɪroʊ/ kye-roh; Arabic: القاهرة ‎ al-Qāhira, literally "The Vanquisher" or "The Conqueror"), is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. It was founded in the year 969 A.D. making it 1,042 years old. Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets " for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century AD.; but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza and Fustat which are nearby to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.

Cairo - tourist attractions

markerA Al-Azhar Mosque Al-Azhar Mosque(الجامع الأزهر‎) is a mosque in Islamic Cairo in Egypt. Al-Mu'izz li-Dīn Allāh of the Fatimid Caliphate commissioned its construction for the newly established capital city in 970. Its name is usually thought to allude to the Islamic prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatimah, a revered figu... Al-Azhar Mosque - photo
markerB Al-Hakim Mosque Al-Jam`e Al-Anwar (الجامع الانور, ‎literally:The Enlightened Mosque) also Al-Hakim Mosque is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt. It is named after Imam Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (985–1021), the sixth Fatimid caliph,16 th Fatimid / Ismaili Imam and the first to be born in Egypt. The mosque wa... Al-Hakim Mosque - photo
markerC Islamic Cairo Islamic Cairo is a part of central Cairo noted for its historically important mosques and other Islamic monuments. It is overlooked by the Cairo Citadel. Islamic Cairo was founded in 969 as the royal enclosure for the Fatimid caliphs, while the actual economic and administrative capital was in near... Islamic Cairo - photo
markerD Al-Azhar University Al-Azhar University (مسجد أحمد بن طولون) is an educational institute in Cairo, Egypt. Founded in 970 or 972 as a madrasa, it is the chief centre of Arabic literature and Islamic learning in the world. It is the oldest degree-granting university in Egypt. In 1961 non-religious subjects were added to... Al-Azhar University - photo
markerE Mosque of Ibn Tulun The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn (مسجد أحمد بن طولون) is located in Cairo, Egypt. It is arguably the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. The mosque was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Ţūlūn, the Abbassid governor of Egypt from 86... Mosque of Ibn Tulun - photo
markerF Khan el-Khalili Khan el-Khalili (خان الخليلي) is a major souk in the Islamic district of Cairo. The bazaar district is one of Cairo's main attractions for tourists and Egyptians alike. The souk dates back to 1382, when Emir Djaharks el-Khalili built a large caravanserai (خان khan in Arabic) in Cairo under the Burji... Khan el-Khalili - photo
markerG Ramses Station Ramses Railway Station is the main railway station of Cairo, Egypt. The name is derived from the Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II whose statue was erected by Nasser on the square in 1955. The station was formerly known as Misr Station. The original railway station was built as the terminal of the ... Ramses Station - photo
markerH Tahrir Square Tahrir Square also known as "Martyr Square" is a major public town square in Downtown Cairo, Egypt. The square was originally called "Ismailia Square", after the 19th-century ruler Khedive Ismail, who commissioned the new downtown district's 'Paris on the Nile ' design. After the Egyptian Revolutio... Tahrir Square - photo
markerI Egyptian Museum The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display, the remainder in storerooms. The following information pertains to the state ... Egyptian Museum - photo
markerJ Cairo Tower The Cairo Tower (برج القاهرة‎, Borg Al-Qāhira) is a free-standing concrete tower located in Cairo, Egypt. At 187 m (614 ft), it has been the tallest structure in Egypt and North Africa for 50 years. It was the tallest structure in Africa for 10 years, until 1971 when it was surpassed by Hillbrow To... Cairo Tower - photo

Relevant data

Geographical coordinates: 30.05, 31.25
Approximate population: 6,758,581

The oldest constructions

The highest points

The longest objects

Famous architects born in the city

Famous architects who died in the city